calcipotriene ointment with UVB phototherapy

Conclusion: Addition of calcipotriene ointment may improve the efficacy of the targeted UVB phototherapy in the treatment of plaque-type psoriasis.

Background: Targeted UVB and topical calcipotriene have frequently been used in the treatment of psoriasis, but the joint effect of calcipotriene and targeted UVB has been controversial.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate whether the efficacy of the combined use of targeted UVB and calcipotriene is superior to the targeted UVB alone.

Methods: We performed systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with plaque-type psoriasis through searching the defined key words in the PubMed, EMBase, and Cochrane Central Register databases. Pooled mean difference of the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) relative change (%) was estimated using a random effect model. The quality of included studies and publication bias were assessed using the Jadad scale and the Egger's test, respectively.

Results: A total of five RCTs including 182 patients were included in the systematic review. The mean difference of the PASI relative change (%) between the combined therapy versus the targeted UVB alone was -22.68 (95%CI: -37.12 to -8.24; p = .002). Publication bias was not supported by the Egger's test (p = .424).